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Tarbagataisky district

Source:  Tourist Buryatia. - 2009. - . 147-149.

Tarbagataisky area was founded on the 1st of October, 1923. About 17 thousands of people live on the territory of 3300 kilometers. The majority of people there are Russians, mainly the people of old faith. Tarbagatay is the center of district, it is situated in 52 kilometers from Ulan-Ude. To the south-west of Baikal there is the main source of a sacred lake-sea Selenga. If you decide to visit Tarbagataj, you will go by the road from Moscow, along the right side of Selenga.

You will admire 50 kilometers of magnificent landscapes, before you arrive in the beautiful village of Tarbagataj, Semeyskie people live there.

There are old painted houses with high fences, decorations on the windows. Houses are situated close to taiga and watermelons, which are covered by various flowers and grass, ive trees. The name of the district is the translation from a buryat word 'tarbagan', it is a forest mouse in Russian translation. This area is a natural habitat of this animal.

In 22 villages and districts that spread along streams and small rivers from the mountains in taiga live mostly Russian population of old faith. Colorful villages of Semeyskie have an extraordinary face; it attracts the attention even of an inexperienced observer. Their distinct feature is a very strong need in beauty which is expressed in brightness and the variety of colors. The museums are opened in the cultural center of Tarbagataj and in the school of Kuitun. One more museum is opened in the church founded by saint farther Sergiy.

They exhibit objects of 18 century: big teapots, "veelki"(some kind of agricultural filters),traps and ploughs, colorful sledges, ski with deer fur, different kinds of samovars with medals of different Russian markets - all these subjects were widely used in the household. Religious manuscripts in ancient covers also catch an eye of avisiter:" Howto build a church", "The book of Feudor Valaamsky". 25 kilometers from the center and you will see an extremely beautiful village Big Kunaley‑ hunilla in buriat, it is translated as construction.

Today on long straight and neat streets we can see beautifully colored houses, each of them is decorated with different elements of embroidery as well as the gates. It does not only helps to keep the house in a good state for many years, it is pleasant to look at it, it creates the mood of holiday. On the main square of the village there is a cultural center, the place for different meetings and parties. Here also big quire of Kunalaj has its concerts. The quire is popular not only in Russia, but in German, in the USA, in Japan, in France and other countries. The village keeps its individuality, culture and the traditions of its ancestors. There is one more ancient village to the south east of the district, not far from Selenga and the chain Bars. It was mentioned in historical documents of 1746. These are the paintings of Tarbagatay Zosimo‑‑ Savatiev church by people from different districts. There we can see bright colorful drawings in the rooms, on the sealing, on stoves, they are an individual feature of houses where rich peasants lived. These drawings attract our attention by brightness and the variety of colors.

One of the most famous places in Tarbagatai environment is the mountain Omulyevka; its lofty rock stoops straight into the waters of the Selenga. Fisherman knew pretty well where they could fish there; omul always comes here for spawning. The mountain has also got another name ‑‑ "A Sleeping Lion". There is a highway along the slope of the mountain, which is rather steep; that is why you can see a sleeping lion if you turn back. His huge head with shaggy mane rests on the arms; one can see a mighty back; and the road along the slope looks like the lion's tail. A most beautiful view opens before one's eyes from the top of Omulyevka. The slope is covered with rare soil integumentary plants; many of them are registered in the Red Book.



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