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Pribaikalsky district

Source:  Tourist Buryatia. - 2009. - . 111-115.

The district skirts the eastern shore of the Baikal for almost 200 km. The main road ‑ Barguzinskiy high road ‑ from Gremyachinsk up to Maximikha settlement goes along the edge of the Baikal shore for about 100 km. There are a lot of convenient approaches to the Baikal and you can find well-appointed parking places there.

In the eastern part of the district the Ulan-Burgasy mountain ridge is situated. The main rivers of the district are the Itantsa, which falls into the Selenga, and in the mouth of which there is Selenginsk fish-farming factory; the Kika, Khaim, Kotochik, Bezymyanka, Maximikha, and many other shallow rivers flowing into the Baikal. Besides there are some lakes and thermal mineral springs in the district. We would like to say some more words about the Khaim. A lot of places in Siberia and Zabaikalie bear the names of the first settlers. So does the river, on the banks of which in the 18th century Khaim, a Jew, and his family got settled. There you can find clear water, good fishing, hunting lands and berry-picking places. Fishermen say that even now grayling, umber and perch are found in the river. Khaim is said to have lived there for a long time, some generations of the family took theirturns. But then gendarmes dealt cruelly with them, as the young representatives of the family, who knew all the paths in the forest, showed fugitive convicts the way to the Baikal and then home. In Buryatia Khaim River is a kind of a film star. It has been shot in many films, because even in dry summers it is full-flowing, deep, dark and extremely cold.

The most notable sight of Pribaikalskiy district is lake Kotokel. It is 16 km lengthwise, 6 km wide and 14 meters deep. There are lots of departmental tourist centers there, in summer a lot of motor-car tourists come to stay here, and hiking is very popular in the region. The lake is separated from the Baikal by a wooded spit that is why it is much warmer there. The water gets warmed thoroughly, and the swimming season lasts from May up to October. The lake is full of fish; there is perch, pike, and bream in it. There is an island in the middle of the lake. They call it in different ways ‑ Green, or Monastic or Cloistral. The matter is the first settlers of it were the monks of Troitse-Selenginsk Monastery. You can get here by boat. It's a beautiful place with a forest, motley grass and a lot of flowers in its southern part.

The western part of the district is an industrial and cattle-breeding one. It is situated by the Selenga between the railway stations Tataurovo and Talovka on the Trans-Siberian Railway. In Tataurovo there is a car-ferry on the Selenga River, during freezing-over it does not work, so you can get there only via Ulan-Ude or Ulan-Burgasy mountain ridge. Here in llyinka settlement on the local thermal waters one can find a health resort for those suffering from nervous system illnesses; a sanatorium and a summer sanitary camp for children. The spring was discovered by Dr. Pitatelev at the beginning of the 20th century, that is why it is called Pitatelev spring.

One more remarkable place of the district is Tataurovo village. The Troitse-Selenga Monastery (1683) is still found here.

The next sight is situated by the Barguzin high road in Baturino settlement. It'a the Sreten church, which was founded in 1815, and is the main adornment of the settlement nowadays. One can see the white church from far away, and it looks marvelous standing out against the green background of the Itantsa River valley. Now it is a nunnery. In 1833 ‑ 1836 Decembrist I.F. Shimkovlived in deportation there.

At the end of the 18th ‑ beginning of the 19th centuries Spasskaya Church was built in Turuntayevo settlement. Ithas been preserved and now is working. Decembrist E.P. Obolenskiy lived in deportation there, and brothers Kukhelbekkers called in on him on their way to Barguzin and back. Obolenskiy E.P. was in correspondence with all his exile friends.

Health resort Goryachinsk is widely known far from Byryatia. There is a legend of how it came into being. Once in winter an Evenk was hunting in these places. He met a bear-shatun ‑ such a bear does not lie down for winter period. This "host" was as angry as hell. The hunter had very good dogs, they barked at the bear, and one of the dogs was very persistent, the bear got tired of it, and pulled it about. The hunter felt sorry for his dog. He brought the wounded closer to the dwelling, to the Baikal. On his way there he got to a small river, which hadn't got frozen in winter. The hot water of the river was steaming; the trees and bushes nearby were in rime up to the tops. The hunter put the dog near the water. The dog started gulping the water. But the hunter couldn't wait long. He had a little rest at the hot water and with his other dogs left for the taiga again. In a month, coming back from hunting, he decided to get to the hot river to learn what had happened to the dog. It met the hunter barking gaily, safe and sound. The water in the river turned out to be salubrious. In the 18th century it became widely known. In 1751 the health resort was founded there, 52 years before the Caucasian Mineral Waters. In the 19th century the convict built the health resort Goryachinsk. The Decembrists and their families used to come at these hot Turka waters. It is known, for instance, that the family of Decembrist S.G. Volkonskiy rather often underwent a cure there. Now it is a well-known health resort 188 km far from Ulan-Ude. The temperature of the nitric-siliceous water is more than 54 degrees. It is used for having a bath, medicinal shower, and drinking water treatment. There is an artificial lake in the center of the resort, the brook used to be partitioned off by a dam, the flow of water is regulated by a special device. The water in the lake is also considered to be salubrious. Mirror carp has been bred. It got acclimatized; holiday-makers feed it and watch the runs of these merry fish. The climate of the place is milder than in other places of the region, and the soil is favorable. Here one can see powerful Siberian pines with splendid dark-green branches of conifer. They are quite different in the taiga. They yield top-quality cedar nut. A walk around the lake to the spring is a pleasant procedure for holiday-makers and tourists.

SPRINGS OF PRIBAIKALYE

Gorjachinsky spring

It is located on the eastern coast of Lake Baikal. There is a resort Gorjachinsk there. The area of the spring is 0,01 sq. km. The resort waters are characterized by alkaline (pH 8-9), sulfated‑ sodium-vapor compound with mineralization (0,5-0,65 g/l) and the content of silicon acid (77-89 mg/l). One of the oldest resorts of Eastern Siberia «Gorjachinsk» functions on the basis of siliceous thermal waters of Gorjachinsky spring.

Its mineral waters have effectively been used to cure various diseases for more than 200 years.

Zolotoy Kluch (Gold Key) spring

It is located on the middle river current of the Turka. (the village of Zolotoy Kluch). The spring is in five kilometers from the village in the valley of the river Turka. The exit of the thermal waters is fixed on nine springs with the total expense of about 0,4 liters a second. Six springs are on the right riverside of the Turka where the i water with temperature 20-50oC leaves cracks in Paleo- j zoic granite in the form of small weakly carbonated griffins, and three springs are on the small island composed of sandy-gravel‑ pebble material in the Turka river. Here the maximum water temperature in griffins rises to 49,20C, and in passed shurfs (vertical mountain production) ‑ to 52°C. The thermal water is of sulfated‑ sodium-vapor with radon composition. The source is of sanitary value.

Pitatelevsky spring

It is located on the left riverside of the Selenga, near the settlement of llyinka. The source is in 54 km from Ulan-Ude, it is the nearest spring of geothermal waters to the capital of Buryatia. The exit of the termae refers here to the riverbed and the left riverside of the Selenga Stocks of waters constitute 1987 cubic meters a day. A part of the holes gushes by water with temperature up to 70°C. Hydro terms are of sulfated, chloride-sulfated sodium-vapor composition under mineralization of 1,7-2,0 g/l and the content of silicon acid makes 100-200 mg/l.

Kotokelsky spring

It is located on the eastern coast of Baikal near Lake Kotokel. Cold redone hydro-carbonate calcium‑ sodium-vapor water (debit 0,3 liter a second, high mineralization, radon 50eman). It concerns to the water monuments of Buryatia.                                                           

Bezymjansky spring                                             

Is in hundred meters from the road upwards to a small river Bezymjanka. Cold mineral water. The population uses the water to cure gastrointestinal tract diseases.                                                                             

Saint Key spring                                                    

«Saint Key» is located three kilometers from the village of Gurulevo. The spring is a place to have a rest for the population and tourists. Medicinal properties of the. source have not been studied enough.                       

Small lakes:

     Dikoye Lake (Wild Lake) is located nearthe village of Gremjachinsk. It is located in 200 meters from the coast of Baikal. It is a picturesque shallow lake with a sandy bottom. In summertime it is a place of mass rest of the area inhabitants;

     Maloye Lakes amd Bolshoye Duhkovoye (Small Lake and Big Wind Lake) are located on the coast of Baikal, in four kilometers from Gremjachinsk. They are inaccessible lakes of exclusive beauty. There are a lot of places for birds here;

     Kruglenkoye Lake (Round Lake). It is located on the coast of Baikal, in one and a half kilometers from the creek of the Kika. It is a picturesque small lake, access to which is complicated. It is a vacation area of the local residents.

TOURIST CENTRES: Sanatorium «Baikalskii Bor» (Lake Kotokel),

Phone: (30144) 57-3-40, 57-3-25

Recreation centre of «Geser» (Kotokel),

Ulan-Ude, Ranzhurova St. 11, Phone:(3012)21-53-83

Recreation centre of «Kotokel» (Kotokel)

And a tourist centre «Maksimikha»

(the Barguzinsky gulf),

Ulan-Ude, Sovietskaya St. 28, Phone.: (3012) 21-07-07

Resort «Gorjachinsk», v. Gorjachinsk

Phone: (30144) 55-195, 55-110,

Ulan-Ude, Communisticheskaya St., 49, office 45,

Phone:(3012)216-169











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