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Severobaikalsky district

Source:  Tourist Buryatia. - 2009. - . 87-95.

Today the territory of the district is about 54 thousands square kilometers. The population of the district is 14,9 thousand people (without city Severobaikalsk). There are 1025 kilometers from

Ulan-Ude to Nizneangarsk. On the territory of the district you can see famous Barguzinsky green belt with 3 kilometers of Baikal waters; the parts are "Frolihinsky" has federal status and "Verhneangarsky" republic status.

The history of population on this territory starts in 1643, when Russian traveler Semen Skorohod founded the first place for living there, in 1646 Vasily Kolesnik built Verhneangarskuyu village on the territory of Dagara later it was called Nizneangarsk.

The building of Siberian roads changed calm life of the region: the road for cars connected the villages. New airport was built, river harbor met ships from lake Baikal. New houses covered the chains of mountains. The place of water curing "Hakusi" on hot water stream.

North part of Baikal becomes more attractive for the tourists.

Wonderful landscape and image of Baikal together with mountains with snow, pure fresh air, pure crystal water is really wonderful. The best time for water trips are July and august. You can choose any transport: motor boat, if you like speed or do not have enough time. Yacht, if you look not only for the means of transport, but for the place where you can have a rest and pleasure, it is comfortable and independent. Do not try to be everywhere and to see everything in a few days: double your pleasure visiting these places for several times or chose the most interesting places for you.

You can relax here not only in summer. The best time for skiing tourism and fishing in winter is in February and April when Baikal is still sleeping and frosts are not so strong. All this is together with hot sources. It is possible to move to any place by ice which covers Lake Baikal. Ice road Severobaikalsk-Ust-Barguzin becomes a very busy place for cars; Ulan-Ude and Irkutsk are not farfrom there.

Severe beauty of north nature creates an outstanding image also for Severobaikalsk - the capital of buriat place on the territory of Severo-amurskaya railway. The town founded in 1974 is situated between the mountains and taiga, becomes a part of the surrounding landscape.

Severobaikalsk of nowdays is the city with 26 thousands people, it is the second city after Ulan-Ude in the republic. Baikalo-Amurskaya railway connected it with Moscow and all big cities and towns of Siberia. When in June Baikal gets rid of its ice, ship begins to move from Severobaikalsk to Irkutsk and then back. It is possible to pass almost 700 kilometers in 10 hours being in the hands of powerful Lake Baikal. Airplanesfly to Ulan-Ude to Irkutsk from the local airport. The distance from Severobaikalsk to the airport is about 25 kilometers. Baikal Mountains come towards the city from three directions, on the forth side we see our unique lake Baikal.

In summer the city is empty during the weekends, people go to Baikal and the lakes of Sludianka. Some people sail on yachts and motor boats, others take sun baths on the shore of Lake Baikal and the lakes of Sludianka. Fishing has a peculiar place in the life of men in this city; they suffer because of this "disease" in any time of the year. Tourist firms of Severobaikals became experienced in the field of working with Russian and foreign tourists, they offer lots of different opportunities: booking of rooms, tickets, and transport support and information nets. For example, firm "the Host" organizes trips which take many days and fast trips for only one hour on motor boats and yachts on Baikal, individual and group outside excursions with riding on Baikal horses and in sledges. The firm offers a comfortable hotel in Solnechny and on a hot stream Goudgekit. One more peculiar feature of the town is that the town has lots of small comfortable hotels, good pubs, cafes, restaurants with tasty European traditional Russian and Buriat national kitchen, where visitors are served on a high level.

The visitors of Severobaikalsk have an opportunity of active and informative holidays. The museum of Baikalo-Amurskaya railroad, one of the youngest museums of Siberia offers a very informative exposition. The museum represents a unique collection of researches, project works of 30-40es, the building of BAM in Buriatia. The museum possesses the collection of pictures and documents since 1967 till now days, rare books, archeological, ethnographical and many other objects. In 1979 the museum of pictures was opened in the city. The beginning of its collection was the gift from the unity of artists of USSR to the builders of BAM. The exposition is represented by works of famous Russian artists N.Krapivina, S. Lanzi.A. Kamanina, V. Nechitailo, RRozina, A.Sokolo-va and others. The works of local professional artists and amateurs I. Starikova, T.Rud, A. Saharovskoj, V. Nicoluka are precious. Sculptures, which reflect the epoch when BAM was built, are represented by the works of E. Nicolaeva, M.Scovorodova and others. The work of American sculptor D. Labino "Second birth" is especially interesting (golden dust). Guides help visitors to percept the information.

The school of tourism and ecology in Severobaikalsk works and develops foot, water and skiing tourism. Interesting routs of trips are worked out very well, ecological trips are organized in winter and summer as well as river sailing on pedal boats.

Skiing in the mountains becomes more and more popular among the natives of Severobaikalsk. Climate and natural conditions promote its development.

The period of skiing in mountains is from November till April. Snow cover is about one meter high. On hot stream "Goudgekit" the visitors can live in cozy apartments for two three people or in cottages on the territory of the stream. They can also swim in hot healing waters of the swimming pool in open air. The temperature of water is about 50 grades above zero. After some experiments with the waters they were coaled Kuldurskie and they are used in curing of some diseases of legs and moving, the system of digestion, skin diseases. There is also an individual bath in the building of the hotel. Hot sources attract more and more tourists. It is not only medical treatment and relaxation but also a great pleasure. Moreover there are no any obstacles to have it: 25 kilometers from the town, the road is not bad and there are no any season limits.

To tell the truth, this kind of rest is more attractive and exotic in cold seasons. It's pleasant to bath in healing water and admire the chains of mountains and snowfalling down slowly, to walk in snow without any boots! And again into water to relax in calm silent and warm atmosphere.

THE MOST POPULAR PLACES ON THE NORTH OF THE SHORE

On the territory of the region the famous Barguzinsky biosphere (sable) national park is situated in the 3 km water area of Lake Baikal, the reserve "Frolikhinsky" of federal importance and the reserve "Verkhne-Angarsky" of republican importance are also situated there.

Barguzinsky national park is the first national park in Russia. The date of its foundation is considered to be the date when the governor-general of Irkutsk issued the resolution on the 17th of May in 1916. Having applied to the Senate, the document was confirmed by the Russian Government Decree in December, 29 in 1916 — in execution of "Imperial Decree of the sovereign". The decree of the first national park foundation in Russia was one of the last peaceful documents published in January 1917.

The fauna of the park is typically taiga fauna, but with some peculiarities caused by the mountainous relief and the immediate vicinity of Lake Baikal. The fauna of terrestrial vertebrate species includes 41 kind of mammals, 275 kinds of birds, 6 types of reptiles, and 3 types of amphibians. 80% of mammals are typical forest inhabitants such as squirrels, flying squirrels, standard and tiny shrews, widely spread on the north of Europe and Asia.

You can also meet a musk-deer and sable, Siberian weasel and chipmunk, deer (Manchuhan deer) and roe deer. The amount of Holarctic species is also very significant: a wolf, fox, weasel, ermine, glutton, white hare, brown bear, and elk. The endemic Baikal nerpa, which ancestors lived in the northern lakes, also lives in Baikal.

Several ecological-tourist routes are worked out in the park:

     "Davshinskaya bukhta (bay)" - the route is laid by the waterside from the village of Davsha to the river Southern Birikan estuary (2 km). The route along the coastline of Lake Baikal allows you to get acquainted with the coastal flora, the history of lake's basin foundation, and famous representatives of the fauna.

     "Shumilikha" - the route is laid from Baikal's coast to the waterfall and Lake Verkhneye at the source of the river Shumilikha (10 km along the river Shumilikha valley). The visitors have an opportunity to see all the mountain peaks of the Barguzinsky range with their own eyes, to see the variety of vegetation from the coast of Baikal to mountain lakes.

The fauna of the national park is characterized by its rich diversity of species, but because of severe climatic conditions the density is not so high. It is quite difficult to observe animals in their natural habitat, but in some pe-riodsof time it is possible toorganize wildlife photography (nerpa can be photographed at the end of April - in the beginning of May, bear - at the end of May - in the beginning June). Large lakes of biospheric range (such as the river Kaban'ya and Urbikan) are of great interest to boating, sports fishing, and ichthyologic excursions arrangement. It is worth while mentioning Lake Losinoye - a picturesque lake with a wonderful landscape, around which you can find rare and disappearing plants. Among all the waterfalls in the park the most famous and available one is on the river Shumilikha.

There are historical places in the park connected with its activity:

     Davsha village - the central country estate during 1946-1999. There is also a memorial to the dead workers of the national park;

     The Southern cordon (Sosnovka bay) - the place where the   Baikal   sable expedition   of G.G Doppelmaira landed in 1914-1915;

     The Northern cordon - the administrative centre of the experimental hunting farm which was founded within the park in 1916-1937, in 1937 the place was abolished and the territory was joined to the park. The memorial complex to the first director of the park K.A.  Zabelin was built at the place of his burial.

The accommodation of tourists in the village ol Davsha is possible in a small hotel, where usually the workers of the national park live, who fulfill their office duties on the territory if the park. It is possible to use empty houses to receive guests.

The territory of Barguzinsky national park is situated in the place difficult to gain access to, there are no other ways except sea communication - by Lake Baikal. In winter time, since February to April, it is possible to get there on the ice road by motor transport:

     by bus to Ust-Barguzin, then by rented transport to the village of Monakhovo or Kurbulik, further on by motor boat or motor-launch to the village of Davsha;

     by plane or train to Nizhneangarsk village, then by rented motor-launch to the village of Davsha.

In winteryou can getto Davsha by crossing the frozen lake Baikal. We recommend you to use a car of heightened cross-country ability to cross the frozen lake.

The distance between Ulan-Ude and the village of Davsha is about 420 km, 270 km of which are on the automobile road to the village of Ust-Barguzin, and then 150 km from Ust-Barguzin to Davsha on the frozen lake. It is necessary to find out the condition of the frozen road before traveling. It is possible at the branch of Barguzin-sky national parkin Ust-Baguzin (tel.: 91-431).

The distance from Davsha village to other major ports of Lake Baikal:

     Severobaikalsk port (Severobaikalsk region) — Davsha 160 km;

•    Ust-Barguzinport(Barguzinsky region)—Davsha 160 km.

Mis Kotelnikovsky. The spring is 80 km to the south of Severobaikalsk (100 km from Nizhneangarsk) along the western shore of Lake Baikal. Kotelnikovskoye deposit belongs to Pribaikalia province of nitrogenous alkaline low-mineralized thermal waters.

In order to use thermal waters in the preventative clinic built by Joint Stock Company "Bumtunnelstroi" there was drilled a borehole, the depth of which is 44 meters, the water temperature is 81 degree above zero.

The borehole is in the northern part of the cape Kotelnikovsky in the offshore coastal strip of Lake Baikal, 20 meters upwards along coastal pebble terrace from the natural spring of the same name. The place is not equipped for bathing.

According to the criteria of mineral waters evaluation, the ground fluoride sodium bicarbonate water of the cape Kotelnikovsky is considered to be the healing water as one of the waters of balneal group of Uvildinsky type.

The mineral water of Kotelnikovsky is indicated for external use with such diseases as blood circulation and nervous system; musculoskeletal system disease; digestive apparatus disease; endocrine system, urogenital system, and skin diseases.

Village Baikalskoe in 40 kilometers from Severobai-kalsk along the road, an old fishing village situated on a high Baikal shore. From the side of waters the village is hidden by a high Mis Ludar - one of the centers of life of first people on the shores of Baikal.

Boguchansky island - the north output of crystals, favorite place of town fisherman.

The Lakes of Sludianka - Big and Small, 23 kilometers from the town along the road, a wonderful beach, warm water, pine forest - favorite place for the rest of people from Severobaikalsk. On the top of the mountain one can find special tools "shtolni" for the searches of iron. There is the place between the lakes, the place where the recreation center is situated. It belongs to the School of tourist-ecological education, it can offer 20 places.

Goudzhekit - is a hot spring 60 km to the west from the village of Nizhneangarsk by car or by railway. There are several living-rooms, cafes, cloak-rooms, two swimming pools with healing water in one building. A comfortable hotel is 100 meters away from the spring.

The water analysis carried out by the testing laboratory of Tomsk research institute of balneology and physiotherapy showed that the ground water of the spring Goudzhekit is siliceous low-mineralized and very feeble radon calcium-sodium with the alkaline reaction of aquatic environment. The water temperature is +52 —+53°C.

The mineral water of the spring is recommended with musculoskeletal system disease, skin, gynecologic, and veins diseases.

On one of the Baikal range slopes Solnechny (Sunny) there is the ski complex of tourist-ecological education school. The path length is 600 meters, there is a platter pull, and some ski equipment small rent.

Dzelinda. The spring is situated 70 km to the west from Nizhneangarsk (or 92 km from Severobaikalsk) in the riverVerkhnyaya Angara valley. Thermal waters of the spring are not worse than ground waters of the best resorts of the country.

The healing property of its waters is achieved due to the high content of silicate, fluorine elevated concentration, high alkalinity, nitrogen congestion, and radon presence. Low mineralization and low content of hydroger sulfide are also favorable conditions. The water temperature in the basins is 52-44 degrees above zero.

According to doctors-balneologists conclusion, the waters of Dzelinda have a healing effect on a man's organism and are recommended if you:

     have blood circulation disease: myocarditis in months after acute attack of disease, ischemic heart disease with seldom heart strokes, hypertensive disease of the first or second degree without vascular crisis;

     have peripheral vascular disease: obliterating

atherosclerosis of lower extremities, trombophlebitis in non-acute condition of disease, after low extremities surgery not earlier than 8 weeks;

     have musculoskeletal system disease: spine osteochondrosis, bursitis, arthritis;

     have nervous system disease: radiculitis, after surgery    on    nervous    system    organs    conditions, craniocerebral injuries' long-term effects (in 6 months), cerebral atherosclerosis without stroke;

     havegynecologicdisease: inflammatorydisease, menstruation disorder, infertility with no anhormonia;

     have skin diseases: psoriasis, neurodermatitis, eczema, scleroderma;

     have chronic professional poisoning by heavy metals salts of light and average severity level.

Upper Angara - the biggest river which enters Baikal. Big quantities offish, calm stream, and cozy beaches make it an ideal river for newcomers who have the desire to sail.

Jarki - the island in the north end of Baikal, created by sediments of rivers Kichera and Upper Angara, on the one side it is washed by the waves of Baikal, on the other — by the waters of Upper angara. The water can be about 24 grades above zero, it is warmer than in Chevirkuisky zaliv, the north part of the island is covered by the trees of cedar, and it is a good place for fishing.

Froliha: Mountain Lake on the eastern shore, the river has the same name. The lake is the main object of protection in the green belt Frolihinsky. It can't be compared with other places speaking about its popularity and variability of colors, brightness. The lake appeared from the icecap, about 16,5 square kilometers, golec davatchan(red fish) can be met in its waters, is in the Red book. The road about 8 kilometers begins in the Ava and leads to the lake.

Aya - the place on the eastern shore protected from Baikal winds, the place where ships can find shelter in storms. Fishing is wonderful, in the center of the place there is a gold shore with warm blue water.

Hakusi - the same name is for the hole, the hot stream, healing baths. It is situated in the colorful small place kilometer from the shore. Akushi — from evenk language is hot; the water is about 47 grades above zero There is the bath on the hot stream. The cottages of it are scattered on the territory of Hakusi.

Khakusy. On the basis of the spring in a clear and dry pine forest there is the hydropathic establishment Khakusy, which functions seasonally in summer. Visitors can get to Khakusy by motor ship from the pier in Nizhneangarsk, and it usually takes 3 hours to get there.

The water analysis carried out by the testing laboratory of Tomsk research institute of balneology and phys iotherapy showed that the ground water of the spring Khakusy is highly thermal low-mineralized siliceous, sulphate, calcium-sodium with the low-alkaline to alkaline reaction.

The waters of the spring are recommended for ex ternal use with such diseases as blood circulation, rheumatic heart disease, hypertensive disease, ischemit heart disease, peripheral arteries and veinsdisease, nervous system disease; musculoskeletal system and en docrine system diseases, obesity, urogenital system

gynecologic and skin diseases.

Turali - "singing" dune in 6 kilometers from Hakus. Different stories of ancient times tell us about singing sends. The level of Baikal water raised and the sends stopped singing.

Davche: the center Barguzin state remote zone, the first in Russia, which was created in order to protect sobol and to save its habitat. The administration of the remote zone moved to Nizneangarsk in summer of 1999. "Davshar" is an open space in evenk language. On its territory we can see a hot stream, the most precious thing there is the museum, where unique objects of flora and fauna of the remote zone.

Ushkani islands - three islands, the tops of the chain Academichesky in water. As the legend tells us that first Russians who visited Baikal called nerpa - the sea rabbit, then Zayachii were changed into Ushkanii as si-beran people call it. The ilands is the main habitat of Baikal nerpa. The island is the part of national park in Zabaikalie.

"Dzelinda" Tel.: (30130)32-1-42

"Cape Kotelnokovskii"

Tel.: (30130) 23-7-98

"Solnechnii" ("Sunny")

Tel.: (30130)47-7-00

"Khakussi"

village of Nizhneangarsk Tel.: (30130)47-4-21

"Khozyain" ("Master")

Tel.: (30130) 24-5-11











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