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The concept of The Baikal special economic zone

Source:  Buryad Unen: Business Olzo. 2007. May 25 p. 5.

The special economic zone includes three parts: Southern (Summit 1771 and the adjacent territory), Central (Kotokelskoye Lake and the adjacent territory) and Northern.


            The concept of the Northern part presupposes locating a sea resort on the coast of the Bezymyannaya bay between the mouth of the Bezymyanka River and the cape of Bezymyanny (240 hectares). A territory of 84 hectares adjoins the sea resort in the east; it is for a golf field and education centre. The conceptual location of a road is shown; it is 6 kilometres long and goes from the sea resort to the territory of 70 hectares for building a mountain resort town.

            The mountain resort town will be situated in a warm sunny place, it will be open from the south and protected by the mountain arc from the winds blowing from the Baikal. Another key reason why the resort will be located in that place is that the resort territory can be connected with the mountain resort town by a cable car line 3.6 km long. The resort guests can be accommodated in the hotels by the lake throughout winter season, they can use the cable car to get to ski slopes and the mountain resort town, and then go down the slope to their hotels on the territory of the sea resort.

The system of cable cars of the Northern part consists of 13 lifts which can comfortably serve 18,570 skiers and snowboarders.

Preliminary conceptual location of 56 tracks is also shown. The tracks are 122 kilometres long all in all. The average width of the tracks is 50 metres; the total area of the tracks is 610 hectares. At the height of 960 metres there is a site of 40 hectares for construction of a smaller Northern mountain town which can be built with small hotels and chalets. Transportation to Northern town from Main town is done by two-section cable car. Such a town is for winter sports fans who want to live next door to the main skiing zone throughout the time they spend at the resort. Northern town can also be used in summer.

Another component of the resort is the residential zone on the shore of Lake Baikal, in the mouth of the Yeliseyevsky stream, with the area of 131 hectares.



            “Ecosign” company has worked out a master plan of the Southern and Central parts of the Baikal Special Economic Zone as a united complex all-season Summit 1771/Kotokelskoye Lake” resort… The resort consists of two parts, one of which is on the southern shore of Kotokelskoye Lake (the Central part of the SEZ), and the other is on the slopes and at the foot of the north-eastern part of Summit 1771 (the Southern part of the SEZ).

            These two new resort territories will be connected with a road about 17 kilometres long.

            By Kotokelskoye Lake a big health centre will be situated. It will offer a large scale of health services: spa (swimming pool, aqua park, baths, saunas, water treatment, beauty salon, massage, physiotherapy etc.), workout and fitness centres, culture and spiritual programmes.

Other facilities of Kotokelskoye Lake resort include a coastal resort town with a tennis centre, a tent and car camping, as well as houses for several families and for one family (cottages).

The main resort town at the foot of Summit 1771 is planned to be built first of all. At the starting the construction of car parks and dwelling houses is planned. The first stage plan presupposes the first twelve buildings and two temporary car parks on both sides of the main entrance roads. The buildings and car parks constructed at the first stage will gather about 8,000 skiers and snowboarders every day, which will correspond to the capacity of slopes and lifts system of Stage 1 in the mountains.

The above mentioned territory can be developed into a high quality mountain resort of international class with a sufficient number of tracks of all categories (difficulty levels), which will be able to hold more than 64,000 skiers at a time. Such a capacity will place the planned resort in the number of the world biggest mountain resorts. The final plan presupposes building four separate districts adjacent to the mountain. The main resort town will be located in the centre at the foot of the mountain territory on a spacious, rather flat plain territory. Two additional smaller resort towns will be located in small valleys to the north-east of the Main town. Another town will be located in the mountains, in the crossroads of two valleys in the southern part of the planned resort territory.

There are numerous slopes for intermediate level skiers on Summit 1771, and they are the most important ones, because most consumers of both the inner and the outer market belong to the low middle, middle and upper middle classes. The slopes for low level consumers (beginners) are also important, especially for the developing market. The complex slopes are attractive for advanced users and necessary for sports competitions.

The mountain master plan presupposes a system of slopes and elevators which is both for skiing, snowboarding and for comfortable transportation around the resort.

The starting stage of organizing the resort presupposes constructing a complex of buildings on a mountain of a medium size with a broad choice of skiing slopes and access to Summit 1771 from the Main resort town. The capacity of the mountain complex is about 8,000 skiers and snowboarders at a time.

At the first stage the following facilities will be built: one two-section high-speed elevator with detachable eight-seat gondolas, three six-seat elevators with detachable seats, three single tow elevators and one education centre equipped with one or two conveyer elevators. The total lifting capacity of the elevators is 16,960 people per hour and they provide 6.197 million metres of vertical transportation per hour.

The slopes envisaged by the master plan of the first stage have the total area of 165.2 hectares and hold 8,020 skiers and snowboarders. They are for skiers and snowboarders of all levels, and their capacity corresponds well with the elevator system capacity.

At the final stage the capacity of the system consisting of 44 elevators will be 64,940 people at a time. The total length of the elevator system will be more than 87 kilometres with the total 122,780 people per hour. 357 kilometres of slopes and tracks will have the total area of 1,269 hectares and will accommodate 67,430 skiers and snowboarders at a time. As it has been already mentioned, it will be one of the world biggest (if not the biggest one) detached system of slopes and elevators.

The new resort town requires precise spatial organization and creating a comfortable and logical sequence of guests’ transportation from car parks and landings through service rooms to skiing zones and back again.

The system of arrivals, entrance and transportation includes areas, information stands, signs and street art as orientation elements. This concept will help guests find their location in the town and discover new interesting places both in the town and in the surrounding valley. At the same time the orientation system can be a source of interesting information about the resort, the region, their history, and natural, cultural and recreational sights.

Shops, restaurants, cafés, bars, galleries and offices are located on the first floors of many town buildings. Such an approach to planning a resort stimulates commerce and attracts people from the surrounding residential areas. The resort town is “the heart and soul” of the whole resort and its successful functioning inhales life in the surrounding territory, creates its own image, strengthens individuality and distinctiveness of the whole region and forms the resort guests’ positive impression. The popularity of the mountain resort in winter can be supported with organization of different activities in summer, such as summer musical festivals, farmer markets, art fairs, art exhibitions and street performances.

To realize the all-season vital capacity of the resort and fill the resort between the seasons, the plan presupposes a number of additional facilities, such as the Conference centre, the Golf Academy with a full-size golf field with 18 holes and the training centre, the Water sports centre with an Olympic type swimming pool and aqua park, as well as the Tennis centre with outdoor and indoor courts.

In addition to seasonal and out seasonal recreation services, an international resort of such a size requires such necessary elements as consumer services (a post-office, a cleaner’s, a food supermarket etc.). While planning the central part of the resort town the necessary premises for these services are presupposed. Besides, a school, a militia station, a fire station, a clinic/hospital, an administrative building are also necessary, and they will be located beyond the central part of the resort town.




Copyright 2006, The Republic of Buryatia National library
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